Fake admissions bring down enrolments in schools across India
Years after an overdrive to enroll children in
schools, the government suspects that a number of
these children may not exist and higher enrollment may
have been shown to claim more funds from the Central
A school survey in nine districts of Bihar has
revealed 4.37 lakh fakeadmissions. In Jharkhand, names
of 7.6 lakh students have been stuck off the rolls on
suspicion of being non-existent. In Uttar Pradesh, the
number of students enrolled in upper primary level has
dropped by over four lakh in a year. A drop in
enrollment has also been observed in Chhattisgarh.
These were some of the startling results of a survey
by the National University of Educational Planning and
Administration (NUEPA) shared with the senior HRD
ministry officials during review of Sarva Siksha
Abhiyan on Monday. The NUEPA survey covers 1.36
million schools across India and is the largest census
of schools in the world.
The preliminary data shared with the government has
recorded a drop in enrolment in government run schools
since the Right To Education Act was enforced in June
2010. The RTE prescribes quality standards for schools
such as a qualified teacher for every 30 students,
separate rooms for each class and primary school
within five kilometers of a child’s home.
Implementation of the watershed law meant higher
financial burden on the governments to meet the
standards, latest by 2013.
“Many state governments are already feeling the pinch
and has sought higher contribution from the Central
government in the 12th five year plan (2012-17),” said
a senior government official.
Before RTE came into force, the Central government was
providing funds on basis of new enrolments, resulting
in an incentive to enroll new students. The enrolment
in primary schools witnessed a jump from around 90% in
2004-05 to around 99% to 2010. For every extra child
enrolled the state government was also getting
additional funds for providing the mid-day meals.
“In the last 18 months pressure has been increasing on
the state governments to provide more funds to create
adequate infrastructure forcing many of them to
revisit the schools,” a senior government official
NUEPA has recorded the initial trend of decline in
government school admissions for the academic year
2010-11. Small state like Tripura recorded a fall in
admission in primary schools by around five lakh.
Tamil Nadu about one lakh, Madhya Pradesh by about two
States such as Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh,
which witnessed a jump in new admissions, have
witnessed a decline in the academic year 2011-12.
“About 10-15 percent students enrolled in Jharkhand
did not come to school for even a single day in a
month thereby causing a suspicion of fake admissions,”
an official said.
Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar has already ordered
an inquiry and salary of hundreds of teachers believed
to be involved in fake admission scam has been
stopped. Jharkhand government has also ordered inquiry
against school administration, which recorded high
School facts Overall enrolment: around 99 %
Annual drop out rate : 6.74 % of 133 million children
Five year retention rate : 74 %
Transition from primary to elementary level: 85 %.
Class of shame
Around 2.80 lakh schools don’t have common toilet
Around 4 lakh schools don’t have separate toilets for
Around 80,000 schools don’t have regular water supply.