NEW DELHI: There has been a marginal fall
in the primary school enrolment from 13.7 crore in 2011-12 to 13.4 crore
in 2012-13, and 4.8% rise in upper primary enrolment from 6.19 crore to
6.49 crore during the same period.
The figures are part of the most comprehensive school education report
based on District Information of School Education data compiled by the
National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA).
Sources said, "The fall in primary school enrolment could be ascribed to
cleaning up of enrolment data by many states. There are cases of children
being enrolled in government schools as well as private schools in the
The decline in primary level enrolment is sharpest in Bihar at 11.6% and
lowest in Madhya Pradesh (3.9%). At primary level, retention rate has
increased from 75.9% to 78.65%. Upper primary enrolment has increased by
13% in Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Sikkim (8%), Bihar (6%) and Chhattisgarh
and Rajasthan (4%). Girls' enrolment has increased marginally in both
primary and upper primary levels. Data also shows that 92.14 lakh children
in the six-14 age group are still out of school.
Like previous years, percentage of Muslim enrolment has increased from
12.79% in 2011-12 to 13.52% in 2012-13. In Delhi, the percentage of Muslim
enrolment has increased from 12.5% to 15.5%. Similarly, UP also showed a
substantial increase from 9.6% to 13.2% and Bihar had a negligible decline
— 14.5% this year from 14.7% in 2011-12.
Government's emphasis on teachers has not resulted in them being employed
for non-teaching purposes. In 2012-13, an average 16 days were spent by
teachers doing non-teaching jobs. More than 5% teachers were involved in
this task. The maximum non-teaching days at 46 has been reported from
Madhya Pradesh, followed by Sikkim (37), Chhattisgarh (32), Rajasthan
(28), Bihar (23), UP (11) and Gujarat (8).
RTE Act's stress on maintaining proper student classroom ratio (SCR) is
showing some early results. SCR has come down to 1:29 from 1:30. This has
decreased drastically in Bihar (from 79 to 65), Jharkhand (from 33 to 30)
and Uttar Pradesh (34 to 31). However, in Delhi, it has increased from 36
to 41. Number of districts with adverse SCR has dipped to 203 this year
from 218 in 2011-12. In UP, the districts with adverse SCR have come down
to 46 from 56 last year.
There has also been a decline in number of districts with adverse pupil
teacher ratio from 225 in the previous year to 175 this year.
Re-deployment of teachers and fresh recruitment has brought down the
number of districts with adverse PTR in MP and UP to 29 and 62 (35 & 68 in
the previous year), respectively.
Another positive highlight of the survey is increase in the percentage of
schools with girls' toilet from 72.16% to 88.32%. States with maximum
increase are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, MP, UP and Chhattisgarh. Percentage of
schools with computers has gone up marginally to 42% from 40% last year.