NEW DELHI: Muslim enrolment in schools has gone up marginally while there has been
a slight decline in case of the SC/ST community. Only children belonging to Other Backward Classes have shown a
perceptible increase in enrolment.
Data for 2013-14, released on Wednesday by HRD minister Smriti Z Irani, show that as per the Educational Development Index, Puducherry is at number one, followed by Lakshadweep, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi.
Despite massive privatization of school education, more than 60% of enrolment is in government schools, little over 8% in private aided schools, 27.8% in private unaided schools, 35.81% in private managements and over two per cent in unrecognized schools. Government aided schools with private management dominate in Goa (63.03%), Kerala (42.36%) and Maharashtra (37.8%).
As per the new data, Muslim enrolment at primary level in 2013-14 went up marginally to 14.35% from 14.20% in 2012-13. At the upper primary level enrolment was 12.52%, up from 12.11% in 2012-13. In West Bengal, Gujarat, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh there has been gradual, though not significant, increase in enrolment. In Uttarakhand, there has been marginal decline in Muslim enrolment. Enrolment of girls both at primary and upper primary has remained unchanged at 49%.
At primary level, OBC enrolment has gone up to 44.1% from 42.9% while at the upper primary level, it went up to 44.44% from 43.66% in 2012-13. Most perceptible increase can be noticed in West Bengal, Puducherry and Kerala. Similar trend can be noticed at the upper primary level. Girls constitute nearly half of enrolment, both at primary and upper primary levels.
Enrolment of SC children at primary and upper primary levels came down to 19.72% from 20.24% in 2012-13. Except for HP and West Bengal, a marginal decline in SC enrolment can be seen in most states, especially Bihar, UP, MP and Maharashtra.
One positive aspect of the latest data is that percentage of teachers involved in non-teaching assignments to total teachers has come down. In 2013-14, 2.48% of teachers did non-teaching work that cost 16 working days. While the number of days lost has remained unchanged from 2012-13, percentage of teachers doing such work has come down substantially from 5.49%.